Shanghai is the only Chinese city that has two international airports - Pudong International Airport and Hongqiao International Airport. The two modern airports are equipped with very advanced facilities. Everyday, about 1,000 flights travel through the two airports, linked with many domestic and international cities such as Beijing, Hong Kong, New York, Los Angeles, London, Paris, Tokyo and Singapore.
The railway network provides you with an inexpensive and comfortable way to get to the city. Huning (Shanghai - Nanjing) Railway and Huhang (Shanghai - Hangzhou) Railway pass through Shanghai and connect its three main railway stations with cities all over the country. Here you can also take advantage of tourist trains and special 'Holiday Trains' to scenic areas in other provinces such as Mt. Huangshan in Anhui and Mt. Wuyishan in Fujian.
You may want to check out the speedy maglev train which runs between Longyang Road and Pudong Airport. Maglev Train Ticket Transfer at Maglev Stations
Twelve subway lines have connected all over the city, with stops at or nearby the main attractions and commercial areas. If you are just sightseeing and in no hurry, the subway will provide you with fast and comfortable service (though you may want to avoid rush hour of 07:00 to 09:30 and 16:30 to 19:30). Subway Lines: Line 1, Line 2, Line 3, Line 4, Line 5, Line 6,Line7, Line 8, Line 9, Line 10, Line 11, Line 13 How to Take Subway Subway Transfer Subway Ticket Bilingual List of Subway Stations Shanghai Subway Map
Taking taxis in Shanghai is more expensive than in other cities. In the daytime, the price is CNY13 for the first three kilometers (1.9 miles), an additional charge of CNY2.4 for every succeeding kilometer within 10 kilometers (6.2 miles) and CNY3.6 for every succeeding kilometer after 10 kilometers. *CNY1 fuel surcharge should be paid per journey. At night from 23:00 to 05:00 the next morning, the fare is CNY17 for the first three kilometers, an additional charge of CNY3.1 for every succeeding kilometer within 10 kilometers and CNY4.1 for every succeeding kilometer after 10 kilometers. You can bargain over prices when taking taxis at night. *CNY1 fuel surcharge should be paid per journey. Whether you take a taxi during daytime or at night, CNY2.1 (CNY3.1 at night) will be added for every five minutes of stop time.
Shanghai public buses are identified either by numbers or Chinese characters. Buses can generally be classified into the following nine categories: 1. Downtown Regular Lines: 1 (01) - 200 2. Rush Hour Lines: 201 - 299 (although some include regular lines) 3. Night Lines: 301 - 399 4. Cross-River Lines (the new cross-river lines): 401 - 499 5. Bridge Line X, Tunnel Line X (the old cross-river lines): X = specific route number 6. Special Lines: 504 - 599, 801 - 899, 901 - 999 7. Pudong New District Special Lines: 601 - 699 8. Outskirts Regular Lines: 701 - 799 9. Suburban Lines: usually identified by Chinese characters representing an abbreviated form of the first and terminal stations' names.
It will be more convenient and pleasant if you use a Shanghai Public Transportation Card when you are in Shanghai. Like the MetroCard in New York City and the Oyster Card in London, it is a kind of stored value smart card used in the public transportation of Shanghai and some cities in the nearby Jiangsu, Zhejiang and Anhui Provinces.