More than 2,000 years ago, there were students from East Asia and the Arab States who came to China to study. From the 19th century onwards, China began to build modern universities. After the founding of The People's Republic of China in 1949, an increasing number of universities were established. During the 1950s, Chinese universities began to accept students from Vietnam and Eastern European countries.
Today, around 600 of China's roughly 3000 universities are enrolling students from around the world. As China's economy continues to develop, coming to China to study has become increasingly popular. In 2009, there were about 240,000 international students studying in China. Some pursue their degree here, others attend short-term programs to study Chinese language and culture.
China's higher education system boasts a strong reputation worldwide, while China's manufacturing industries are renowned for their international competitiveness. Chinese university graduates are welcomed by leading universities in North America, Europe, Japan, Australia and other countries. Every year, there are about 20 thousand students who graduated in China who go to the aforementioned countries for further study. Many overseas Chinese graduates work in Silicon Valley, Wall Street, famous universities and world-class laboratories.
As of April 2009, the Chinese government has signed mutual recognition agreements with 64 countries and regions. See the List of Countries>>
China's higher education system is mainly influenced by the United States and Russia. This influence is reflected in:
1) Types of institution: research universities, comprehensive universities, colleges for professional training, higher vocational education.
2) Names of the Universities: the name of the university is usually related to the name of the city or its geographic location. In addition, due to a strong Soviet influence at the time of their founding, many universities reflect their areas of expertise in their titles, for instance, University of Aeronautics, University of Geosciences, Ocean University, Jiaotong (Transportation) University, Posts and Telecommunications University.
Today, almost all Chinese universities are comprehensive universities. Despite the advantages of their own disciplines, universities offer subjects which go far beyond the name of the covered area of expertise, and it is therefore still possible to study other subjects at universities, such as International Business at Beijing Foreign Studies University, Marketing at China University of Petroleum - Beijing, or Accounting at Beijing Language and Culture University.
Universities in China are usually public universities, and only public universities can award degrees. Therefore, foreign students needn’t worry about the qualification they would receive from a Chinese university. Aside from being under the Ministry of Education, other universities are under the provincial authority.
5 years ago, there were many universities (especially medical universities) that were under the management of certain ministries of the Chinese central government, but they have now all been incorporated under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Education, or merged into other comprehensive universities.
Aside from Chinese language, traditional Chinese medicine, martial arts, history, philosophy, sports, and Chinese folk arts (music, dance, painting, etc.), subjects such as mathematics, engineering, science and medicine, in addition to economics, finance, trade,business and management are all highly regarded.
Search for your preferred subject using the Find the Course function. Or browse a List of Universities & Colleges and find a favorite school to apply to.
You may also refer to these websites:
Ministry of Education of The People's Republic of China
China Education and Research Network.